Phyllanthus Niruri: The Stone-breaker

Did you know that Phyllanthus Niruri is famous as Sampa-sampalukan in the Philippines?

Phyllanthus niruri (Sampa-sampalukan) or “Stone-breaker” originated in India. Furthermore, Phyllanthus niruri is a small herb distribute throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. Its wide variety of phytochemicals and their pharmacological properties. Usually occurring as a winter weed throughout the hotter parts.

It is famous as “Stone-breaker”.

Stonebreaker has a long history in traditional herbal medicine in every tropical country. For hundreds of years, this plant is use as an herbal remedy. Yet, P. niruri considers modern medicine to cure or treat many disorders.

Phyllanthus niruri is a herb of Euphorbiaceae family that grows up to 60 cm. Moreover, Phyllanthus means “leaf and flower”. Because the flower, as well as the fruit, seem to become one with the leaf.

It is a field weed which can be find throughout tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, America, and China. The Phyllanthus comprises from 600 to 700 species with minor distinguishing features among them.

Phyllanthus niruri (Sampa-sampalukan) famous as “Stone-breaker”, is an annual herb that grows in the wild. After first showers of monsoon in Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, etc. states of India. But, it has also sais to grow in coastal areas. In Indian states, it usually grows during second week of June, and starts bearing fruits up to mid July or August. It remains in the wild up to the end of the rainy season, yet under safe conditions it can grow and survive upto mid-winter.

Phyllanthus Niruri (Sampa-sampalukan) famous as “Stone-breaker”. It is an annual herb that is 30-60 cm high. The stem often branched at the base. The leaves are subsessile distichous often imbricating, elliptic-oblong obtuse. Stipules present, very acute. In addition, the flowers are yellowish, very many, and axillary. Male flowers are one to three in number, while the female flowers are solitary in nature. On the other hand, capsules are 2.5mm in diameter, depressed globose, smooth lobed.